Dr. Rastinejad’s laboratory studies ligand-sensitive transcription factors and their control of genetic pathways.
Dr. Rastinejad received his Ph.D. in Biophysics from the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia in 1992.
Structural overview of the nuclear receptor superfamily: insights into physiology and therapeutics.
Huang P, Chandra V, Rastinejad F
Annu Rev Physiol. 2010;72:247-72
Structure of the intact PPAR-gamma-RXR- nuclear receptor complex on DNA.
Chandra V, Huang P, Hamuro Y, Raghuram S, Wang Y, Burris TP, Rastinejad F
Nature. 2008 Nov 20;456(7220):350-6
Identification of heme as the ligand for the orphan nuclear receptors REV-ERBalpha and REV-ERBbeta.
Raghuram S, Stayrook KR, Huang P, Rogers PM, Nosie AK, McClure DB, Burris LL, Khorasanizadeh S, Burris TP, Rastinejad F
Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2007 Dec;14(12):1207-13
Molecular implications of evolutionary differences in CHD double chromodomains.
Flanagan JF, Blus BJ, Kim D, Clines KL, Rastinejad F, Khorasanizadeh S
J Mol Biol. 2007 Jun 1;369(2):334-42
Double chromodomains cooperate to recognize the methylated histone H3 tail.
Flanagan JF, Mi LZ, Chruszcz M, Cymborowski M, Clines KL, Kim Y, Minor W, Rastinejad F, Khorasanizadeh S
Nature. 2005 Dec 22;438(7071):1181-5
Crystal structure analysis of phosphatidylcholine-GM2-activator product complexes: evidence for hydrolase activity.
Wright CS, Mi LZ, Lee S, Rastinejad F
Biochemistry. 2005 Oct 18;44(41):13510-21
Structure of the heterodimeric ecdysone receptor DNA-binding complex.
Devarakonda S, Harp JM, Kim Y, Ozyhar A, Rastinejad F
EMBO J. 2003 Nov 3;22(21):5827-40
Structural basis for bile acid binding and activation of the nuclear receptor FXR.
Mi LZ, Devarakonda S, Harp JM, Han Q, Pellicciari R, Willson TM, Khorasanizadeh S, Rastinejad F
Mol Cell. 2003 Apr;11(4):1093-100
The active site of the SET domain is constructed on a knot.
Jacobs SA, Harp JM, Devarakonda S, Kim Y, Rastinejad F, Khorasanizadeh S
Nat Struct Biol. 2002 Nov;9(11):833-8
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Corrigendum: DDX5 and its associated lncRNA Rmrp modulate TH17 cell effector functions.
Huang W, Thomas B, Flynn RA, Gavzy SJ, Wu L, Kim SV, Hall JA, Miraldi ER, Ng CP, Rigo F, Meadows S, Montoya NR, Herrera NG, Domingos AI, Rastinejad F, Myers RM, Fuller-Pace FV, Bonneau R, Chang HY, Acuto O, Littman DR
Nature. 2016 Jan 20;
DDX5 and its associated lncRNA Rmrp modulate TH17 cell effector functions.
Huang W, Thomas B, Flynn RA, Gavzy SJ, Wu L, Kim SV, Hall JA, Miraldi ER, Ng CP, Rigo FW, Meadows S, Montoya NR, Herrera NG, Domingos AI, Rastinejad F, Myers RM, Fuller-Pace FV, Bonneau R, Chang HY, Acuto O, Littman DR
Nature. 2015 Dec 24;528(7583):517-22
Structural integration in hypoxia-inducible factors.
Wu D, Potluri N, Lu J, Kim Y, Rastinejad F
Nature. 2015 Aug 20;524(7565):303-8
Response to Moras et al.
Rastinejad F, Ollendorff V, Polikarpov I
Trends Biochem Sci. 2015 Jun;40(6):290-2
Identification of natural RORγ ligands that regulate the development of lymphoid cells.
Santori FR, Huang P, van de Pavert SA, Douglass EF, Leaver DJ, Haubrich BA, Keber R, Lorbek G, Konijn T, Rosales BN, Rozman D, Horvat S, Rahier A, Mebius RE, Rastinejad F, Nes WD, Littman DR
Cell Metab. 2015 Feb 3;21(2):286-97
Nuclear receptor full-length architectures: confronting myth and illusion with high resolution.
Rastinejad F, Ollendorff V, Polikarpov I
Trends Biochem Sci. 2015 Jan;40(1):16-24
Retinoic acid actions through mammalian nuclear receptors.
Huang P, Chandra V, Rastinejad F
Chem Rev. 2014 Jan 8;114(1):233-54
Understanding nuclear receptor form and function using structural biology.
Rastinejad F, Huang P, Chandra V, Khorasanizadeh S
J Mol Endocrinol. 2013 Dec;51(3):T1-T21
Identification of Potent and Selective Diphenylpropanamide RORγ Inhibitors.
Huh JR, Englund EE, Wang H, Huang R, Huang P, Rastinejad F, Inglese J, Austin CP, Johnson RL, Huang W, Littman DR
ACS Med Chem Lett. 2013 Jan 10;4(1):79-84
Structure and dimerization properties of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor PAS-A domain.
Wu D, Potluri N, Kim Y, Rastinejad F
Mol Cell Biol. 2013 Nov;33(21):4346-56
Fraydoon Rastinejad's Research Focus
Metabolism, Cancer, Autoimmune Disease, Gene-Regulation, Transcription Factors, Nuclear Receptors, Mammalian bHLH-PAS proteins, Structural Biology, X-ray crystallography
Watch Dr. Rastinejad describe his research
Our laboratory is broadly interested in ligand-regulated transcription factors and their defined roles in metabolism, cancer, inflammation, and immunity. One focus area is the nuclear receptor family. We are examining how these transcription factors bind to small molecule ligands, DNA response elements, and co-regulator proteins. Central to our work is the use of protein crystallography / X-ray diffraction to directly visualize the details of these complexes in their functional states. Our most recent work with nuclear receptors has included detailed analysis of Rev-Erbα/β (Raghuram et al. NSMB 2007), PPARγ-RXRα (Chandra et al., Nature 2008), RORγt (Huh et al., Nature, 2011), and HNF-4α (Chandra et al., Nature 2013) complexes. These studies now guide the discovery and development of new ligands with therapeutic benefit for diabetes, cancer, inflammatory diseases, and autoimmune diseases.
Another area of study in the laboratory involves the mammalian bHLH-PAS family. These factors sense a variety of environmental and metabolic cues and regulate distinct gene programs accordingly. The bHLH-PAS proteins share architectural features including a conserved bHLH DNA-binding domain and tandem PAS domains. Members of this family include the hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF-1α and HIF-2α), neuronal PAS domain proteins (NPAS), aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), and their common heterodimerization subunit ARNT (HIF-1β). We are finding that mammalian bHLH-PAS transcription factors can harbor multiple small-molecule binding pockets within their architectures, each of which can be exploited for functional modulation.
The HIF-1α and HIF-2α proteins are oxygen-sensitive transcription factors responsible for the progression and survival of many solid tumors in humans. These two proteins control genetic programs in angiogenesis, erythropoiesis, and metabolism required in these tumors. Our structural studies on HIF-1α/ARNT and HIF-2α/ARNT heterodimers revealed five distinct ligand-binding pockets within each complex (Wu et al. Nature 2015). We believe that a variety of small-molecule drugs may now be identified that bind to these pockets and inhibit the progression of tumors.
About Fraydoon Rastinejad
Fraydoon Rastinejad, Ph.D., received B.A degrees in Mathematics and in Biochemistry & Molecular Cell Biology from Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, in 1987. His Ph.D. in Biophysics was earned from the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, in 1992. He spent three years at Yale University training in X-ray crystallography with Professor Paul Sigler, before moving onto his first independent faculty career in 1995. Dr. Rastinejad has served as faculty at the University of Virginia School of Medicine beginning December 1995 through June 2010, where he was last appointed joint Professor of Pharmacology and Biochemistry & Molecular Genetics, and also director of the Center of Molecular Design. His current research interests, as Professor at Sanford-Burnham, involve integrating structural studies with development of small-molecule tools and cell-based characterizations of nuclear receptor pathways. In addition to the nuclear receptor arena, Dr. Rastinejad’s laboratory has elucidated a number of structures and mechanisms related to histone tail modifications and their recognition factors.